We all know that women under 35 should contact the infertility specialist after 1 year of trying to conceive. According to IVF doctors, women who are above 35 should do the same after 6 months. However, earlier consultation can be done if they have irregular periods or either partner has a history of cancer. Women who face infertility issues must visit their nearest IVF centre to get treated. IVF is a technique that has brought smiles to thousands of infertile couples.
Medical issues that affect your fertility
The following issues can increase a couple’s chances of infertility:
- Advanced maternal age gives way to infertility as the quality of eggs goes down considerably.
- Women with irregular menstrual cycles
- Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, hormonal imbalance or premature ovarian failure
- Women who suffer from abnormal thyroid function as it may lead to infertility, miscarriage, and mental ability of the fetus.
- Extremely underweight and obese women are also at a higher risk for infertility. They can also face complications during pregnancy.
Women with endometriosis and scarred or blocked fallopian tubes are likely to have problems with their fertility.
What to do if you are aware of your reproductive issues?
Women who know about their reproductive issues should approach their gynecologist as soon as they want to start a family.
Women with PCOS will have to undergo medication for the induction of ovulation. Women with endometriosis should undergo an evaluation of their fallopian tubes so that scarring can be ruled out. It should be taken seriously as a woman with scarred fallopian tubes can end up with ectopic pregnancy.
Women who have a history of pelvic inflammatory disease should undergo evaluation for the presence of anatomical changes or scar tissue. These features can obstruct pregnancy.
Couples with the male partner having medical problems, abnormalities in the testicular or endocrine system, and exposure to chemotherapy should also consult the fertility specialist for semen analysis.
Recurrent pregnancy loss may be due to many medical conditions therefore couples with such problems should get themselves checked by the fertility specialist. The problem may be caused due to abnormalities of thyroid function, intrauterine scar tissue or uterine septum. Toxicity in the body due to exposure to environmental toxins can also lead to recurrent miscarriage.
What to expect after meeting a specialist?
- Be sure of carrying your test results and documents related to your and your partner’s medical history.
- Your meeting with your reproductive endocrinologist will be initiated by the evaluation of your reports and questions related to how long you’ve been trying to conceive.
- The doctor will check for medical conditions that could affect your fertility. He will also review the gynecological and pregnancy history of the woman.
- It will be followed by a discussion of your lifestyle and family history and physical examination of both the male and the female partners.