One of the best ways to fight infertility today is by using assisted Reproduction techniques. The procedure is thoroughly conducted by an expert in an IVF centre after having a major consultation. IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is one of the commonest infertility treatments as explained below;
The IVF process
- Ovulation Induction
This is the first step in IVF process and the doctor will have to monitor your hormones, take blood tests so as to help with egg growth and development in the ovaries. This procedure can be performed with the help of fertility drugs or without them.
If the ovaries fail to produce eggs, the doctor can suggest for donor eggs
- Retrieval of the eggs
Once the eggs have developed in the ovaries, the doctor will conduct a minor surgery with the help of an ultrasound to extract the eggs. Simple medications can be taken to prevent pain during the procedure.
- The fertilization procedure
The sperm is collected from the male partner and if at all the male is faced with male infertility, donor sperms may be used. The sperm is directly injected into the egg in the laboratory and left in an incubator for fertilization and embryo development to occur
- Embryo Transfer for Implantation
Once the embryo has developed, it is transferred into the woman’s uterus through the vagina. A tube is used to pour the embryo into the uterus and a woman will need some time to rest after the procedure.
- Checking for pregnancy
You can check for pregnancy after 2 or 3 weeks. The success rate depends on the age of a woman. If the procedure was successful, the embryo will continue developing until the end of nine months.