Infertility has become quite common these days, it affects one in 6 couples (if not more). But, still it is a taboo, let one person also come to know that you or someone in your family has this, they will not spare you, but bombard you with questions, and some questions who will never in your lifetime think, anyone would ask you. Basically, it affects you in every way it could, be it emotionally, socially, and psychologically. The couple doesn’t want to go out of their houses, avoid meeting people, as the topic of conversation would be “children” or “babies”. Every other person will be ready to suggest you this thing or that thing, which according to them will be quite ‘effective’ (dadi ma ke nuske) kind of thing. Some ‘educated’ people might suggest you go to an infertility specialist. But, many people just have a shock of their lifetime, hearing the word “infertility specialist”.
Why do they have to go to one specialist? Around 80 – 90% couples conceive within the first year of regular love making, how? Well! We all know how? ( will discuss it later in some other topic related to the same), some 5% conceive in the next 2 years time, so better to go to a specialist after one year of love making, only to get yourself checked. All that needs to be done is a good sperm which can fertilize eggs and also form an embryo( of course a healthy one).The condition of making eggs also decreases as we age, so better to visit a doctor, as early as possible.
There are many services catered by infertility clinic, it is not true that IVF is the only one, but it is one among many services offered at the clinic.
The male partner may also be tested, because some 50% of times the problem is with males (surprised, yes it sure is), see this is the reason there are many myths associated, will talk about this in detail, some other time, semen analysis is also very important and basic test to be performed.
In case you are not able to ovulate, medicines can come to your rescue, also called ovulation induction; it starts at the starting of the cycle, and lasts for 2- 5 days. It is combined with regular intercourse. Your doctor can help you with this, they can tell you the time of ovulation by undergoing ultrasound scan along with blood tests.
If you are not ovulating, medications can help you ovulate. This is known as ovulation induction. This starts at the beginning of your cycle; ideally day 2-5. It can be combined with timed intercourse. The infertility specialist can help you figure out the time of ovulation by ultrasound scans and blood tests, if necessary. Some women may also need medication in the later half of their cycles to help them conceive if they have a condition called luteal phase defect.
If there is a mild problem in the sperm, be it in the form of decreased number, motility or quality, an Intrauterine Insemination (popularly called IUI) may help you get pregnant. In this procedure, your infertility specialist will monitor your ovulation. At a time when eggs are available for fertilization in the female genital tract, the processed semen is inserted directly into the uterine cavity. This enhances your chances of conception.