While the natural method of conception routes the sperm from the vagina to the cervix and finally to the fallopian tubes, the IUI process places it directly into the uterus of the woman to ensure certainty of conception. IUI treatment or Intrauterine Insemination as it is popularly known is one of the most preferred ART techniques. IUI can be availed at any IUI centre. Sofat IVF centre also provides this facility
IUI and infertility
- IUI is used in the following reproductive problems-
- Low sperm count in men
- Low sperm mobility
- A single woman who wishes to conceive
- Couples who don’t want the genetic problem of the man to transfer to the child
- Couples with unexplained infertility
However, IUI is not recommended for the following cases-
- Female with severe endometriosis
- A woman with absent or blocked fallopian tubes
- Women who suffer from multiple pelvic infections
- Men with low sperm count or abnormal ejaculation problem
These cases will not benefit from the technique of IUI.
The procedures plus points are that it is painless and non-surgical. It is for these reasons, called the natural cycle. It is completely devoid of medications. The woman is allowed to ovulate naturally and the doctor places her partner’s sperm in her uterus during her ovulation time. This technique raises the chances of a successful conception.
- The first step is to visit the doctor for an ultrasound, blood test, and medical tests.
- If the doctor gives you medicines then most probably you will have to start them as soon as your period starts.
- A week later, the doctor will ask you to visit again for another ultrasound.
- Based on the ultrasound, the doctor will work out your ovulation period. He will ask you and your partner to return during that period.
In case the sperm of the male partner is required, he will be required to produce his sample on the day the IUI is scheduled. If the donor sperm is required, then the sperm will be thawed on the day of the IUI.
The sperm sample is washed after being sent to the library. This process removes any debris or seminal fluid which will not be required during the treatment. The sperm sample should be highly concentrated to raise the chances of conception.
When the procedure starts
- The doctor will ask the woman to lie on a table. Using a speculum, he will open the vagina and examine the cervix of the woman.
- Using a catheter, he will pass the sperm to the cervix.
- The woman will be asked to lie in the position for about half an hour after the procedure.
- While most of the women experience no or less discomfort, some women might experience mild bleeding or cramping.