Couples who are trying to conceive but not able to get the results can get frustrated and heart-broken. Every couple wants that they should find the best method to conceive. Around 50% of the cases have infertility issues with both partners. In this guide, we are going to tell you about semen analysis for the male partner.
The semen analysis is an essential test for an infertile couple. This test is also referred to as a sperm test or seminogram. With this test, the male partner fertility is evaluated based on sperm count and semen quality. Before the IVF process, the male partner will also be examined for the semen evaluation.
What is the need for semen analysis?
Infertility issues are common for both men and women. Semen analysis is the first fertility test because it is an easier and affordable test. This way the doctor will have a better understanding of the infertility problem and you will have better chances to conceive. Studies have shown that with semen analysis the conception chances are improved by overcoming infertility. Patients will have a better treatment plan of IVF, by undergoing the semen test.
How is semen analysis helpful?
- Sperm count
Total sperm count in each milliliter of fluid. If the sperm count is less than 15 million sperm per milliliter then it can affect the conception chances. This test will help to identify certain conditions like:
– Azoospermia (no sperm)
– Aspermia (No Ejaculation)
– Retrograde Ejaculation (Sperm does not go to the penis but goes to the bladder)
- Sperm motility
Sperm motility is an essential factor that helps to know that the sperm is moving. Around 50% of the sperm must move properly. Movement type is in Grade 1 to Grade 4. The fertility doctor will do the motility index which is evaluated with grade and percentage of sperm movement.
Total number of sperm percentage with a normal shape.
Semen fluid thickness.
The sample helps in calculating the semen fluid total amount Ideally, it should be around 2 to 5 ml.
- White blood cell count
If the semen has white blood cells in large amounts then it can be abnormal and it might be due to an infection.
How do I prepare for semen evaluation?
Your fertility doctor is going to tell you what you need to do. Make sure that you follow their guidelines. The men should not ejaculate for 2 to 5 days before the evaluation this way the sperm count is the highest. If you are collecting the semen sample at home then make sure to deliver it within 1 hour. If you have any doubt then talk to the doctor for a better understanding and get the right treatment plan.