Certainly, your IVF doctor will tell you the causes of male infertility. Varicocele is one of them.. In this condition, the man’s scrotum is affected. It is known to occur usually on the left side. Varicocele may be without any symptoms or maybe painful, accompanied by swelling. According to the IVF centre, it may lead to male infertility in many cases.
Occurrence of Varicocele
The testes receive fresh oxygen supply by the blood which is carried by an artery. The used blood flows through small veins, which carry it back to the heart. The flow is one-way, and the reverse flow is prevented by the valves in the veins. When the valves stop working properly, the blood starts flowing in the reverse direction. This leads to the enlargement of veins thus forming a Varicocele.
The symptoms of Varicocele
Sometimes the condition may strike silently and the symptoms may be absent . However, some Varicoceles might cause a dull pain, when the person has been standing for a long time. Varicocele may cause infertility in some individuals. It might lead to shrinkage or atrophy in some men and low testosterone levels.
Diagnosis of Varicocele
Self-exam of the scrotum is the easiest way to diagnose a varicocele. If your scrotum feels like a “bag of worms”, you indeed are under suspicion of having the condition. The same can be confirmed by USG Doppler.
The treatment of Varicocele
Men with mild symptoms should take care through the following steps-
- Avoiding wearing tight underwear
- Avoiding heavy weight lifting
If these steps do not help, then Varicocele treatment may be done with embolization or surgery.
Many surgical approaches can be used to close the faulty veins and treat Varicocele. You may try Open surgery, laparoscopic surgery , and microsurgery options.
Complications with the surgery
Although Varicocele surgery has few risks associated with it, we would like to mention some:
- Accumulation of fluid around the testicles.
- It might also lead to the shrinking of the testicle on the side where the surgery was performed. However, this complication is seen in less than 1% of cases.
- In some cases, failure to relieve pain might be seen
What is the best treatment option?
It will help if you discuss your treatment options with the doctor. Some questions to ask include:
What are the risks and benefits of surgery and other methods like Embolisation?
Is Varicocele surgery a viable option for me?
How many days do I need to take off from the office?