All relevant facts and information – you need to know about Laparoscopic surgery
Laparoscopic surgery in India is a highly preferred procedure in which organs of the abdomen are examined. This diagnostic surgery is the minimally invasive surgery and is performed for the diagnosis of the internal organs by making only the small incisions instead of the large incisions.
Laparoscopic surgery in Punjab is also performed for obtaining the biopsy sample thus it is advanced surgery in which the doctor can see inside your abdomen without opening it.
When laparoscopic surgery is recommended?
As discussed it is the diagnostic surgery so is performed for the diagnosis of the source of pelvic or abdominal pain. Usually, the problems related to the abdomen are diagnosed with the Ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan or even with digital X-Ray but when the things do not get clear through these tests then doctors recommend for the laparoscopy.
Apart from this, laparoscopy surgery can also be recommended for the clear examination of for the appendix, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, small or large intestine, stomach, reproductive organs, and spleen. Thus it is highly magnificent and advanced procedure that helps the doctors to have the clear view of inside so that they can know about the abdominal tumor, any liver disease, the presence of fluid in the abdominal cavity, the degree of particular cancer.
What can be potential risks of laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is the advanced and minimally invasive diagnostic surgery so it is quite safe but sometimes a patient may have bleeding, infection or damage of inner organs in very rare cases, however, all these risks can be minimized up to zero by choosing the best-experienced doctor for laparoscopy.
Some patients can also experience fever, chills, abdominal pain, redness, swelling, persistent cough, nausea or vomiting after the surgery.
Preparations before laparoscopy
If you are recommended for the laparoscopic surgery then there are some things about which you need to take care such as
- If you are taking any over the counter medications, anticoagulants or blood thinners then you must talk with your doctor so that he could tell you how you can take these before and after the procedure.
- If you are taking anti-inflammatory drugs or some painkillers then you must inform your doctor.
- If you are taking any medication for blood clotting then you have to stop it taking before or after the treatment as per the recommendation of your doctor.
- Herbal or dietary supplements should also be avoided for a few days before the surgery.
- If you are pregnant or planning to conceive then also you should inform your doctor beforehand.
- Before the laparoscopic surgery, your doctor may also suggest you for some tests like blood tests, urinalysis, EKG or ECG, X-ray, Ultrasound, CT-scan or MRI as these tests make the doctor closer to the abnormality to be diagnosed during the laparoscopy.
- Even patients are asked not to eat and drink for eight hours before or after laparoscopy.
This surgery is done under the general anesthesia so that the patient could not feel any pain, discomfort or sensation during the procedure. Through the intravenous (IV) line anesthesiologist inject special medication and hydration with fluids in your vein.
In some cases, local anesthesia that nubs out the particular area are also given to the patient so during this procedure patient remains awake but does not feel any pain or discomfort.
During the surgical process, initially, the small incision is made below the belly button so that small tube called cannula can be inserted to inflate the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas for the clearer view of inner organs.
Then the instrument called laparoscope with an attached camera is inserted through the incision to get the display of inner organs with a real-time view on the wider screen. In this diagnostic procedure generally, one to four incisions of 1 and 2 cm in length is made for proper diagnosis of the abdominal organs, however, the number or size of the incisions can vary according to the specific disease to be diagnosed in the procedure.
After the completion of diagnosis, the instrument has been removed and the incisions are closed with surgical tape or stitches ad even bandage is applied on the surgical site.
Recovery after laparoscopy
It is the outpatient surgery so on the same day you can get discharged from the hospital but before the releasing from hospital patient is shifted in a ward and kept under observation as continuously breathing or heart rate is monitored to prevent any risk associated with the surgery. Even the patient is monitored for any reaction of anesthesia or for bleeding.
In some cases depending on the physical condition of the patient, the doctor may ask to keep the patient overnight in the hospital otherwise when the effects of general anesthesia wear off patient could go home.
For few days after surgery, the patient may have mild pain or throb in the incision sites. Sometimes doctors also recommend the medications for pain relief. Some patient also complained about the shoulder pain and the irritation caused by the carbon dioxide gas.
Reason for the shoulder pain is also the carbon dioxide gas as it irritates the diaphragm which is the sharing source of nerves and shoulder and even bloating can be experienced for initial days.
Within a week after the surgery patient may resume his routine activities but after two weeks of the surgery, the patient can be asked to visit the hospital again to follow up an appointment with the doctor. Thus after laparoscopy soon the things get normal.
Thus, laparoscopy is the quite advance instrumental surgery that may help the doctor to get the clear view of abdominal organs for the depth diagnosis of any health condition. Laparoscopic surgery cost in India is also quite reasonable that is why it is getting popular among the patients and even doctors prefer this procedure so that they could show the right treatment path to the patient for any diagnosed disease.