Surrogacy: All you need to know about it
Surrogacy is completely 85% legal in most of the European countries. It is one of the common methods of fathering or mothering a child in the United States and due to that, there are many regulations and rules that govern surrogacy there. Surrogacy can be an option for many couples and due to different reasons that mainly depend on the person’s interests
What is surrogacy?
It is where a woman is picked and also agrees to carry another person’s pregnancy for the period of nine months. It greatly depends on the agreement and conditions put in place between the surrogate and the owner of the child to be born. A couple, a woman, or a man can opt for a surrogate under any circumstance as may be desired.
Types of Surrogacy
There are mainly two types of surrogacy and they include;
The traditional surrogacy
It is also called artificial insemination and it is where a woman chooses to conceive using her own egg and the sperm of an identified man. In this case, the pregnancy is carried to term by another woman for another couple. This method was the first type of surrogacy to be used and it requires less efforts since it can also be conducted from home.
This type of surrogacy is entirely conducted from a clinic. It is where the egg of the deliberate mother or the sperm of the deliberate father are used and after fertilization in the laboratory, a surrogate is picked to carry the embryo until the term ends. In this type of surrogacy, donor eggs or donor sperms may also be used and there is no genetic connection between the surrogate and the baby to be born
It is used in the treatment of infertility, especially using IVF treatments.
When can surrogacy an option?
The changing lifestyles of people and their priorities have increased the rate of surrogacy in the current era. Almost 1500 babies are born yearly out of surrogacy and the number is expected to increase. The cases where a couple or one can go in for surrogacy are;
Many couples and almost two of the couples out of ten are faced with infertility that may require surrogacy. Male infertility or female infertility can make a couple use a surrogate to get a child
IVF treatment at times is taken to be expensive for some couples and surrogacy may be the low-cost treatment that can be used, especially the traditional procedure. Surrogates in India are considered to be of a lower cost than those in any other countries.
Cases of female reproductive problems
Cases where a woman is unable to carry the pregnancy to term, history of miscarriages, and chronic diseases
Surrogacy in the current era
Many couples today find it hard to have a child of their own and surrogacy is seen as the best option for many. To put infertility aside, surrogacy can be an option for a couple even if it is fertile. The changing lifestyles where people are dedicated to their work and do not want to spend nine months carrying the pregnancy is another factor increasing the rate of surrogacy worldwide
Surrogacy is a job itself these days and there are many women willing to bear the pregnancy period to have a good amount of money and without having any strings attached to the baby born or the couple.
Due to the fact that surrogacy aims at bringing life into the world with a third party (surrogate), different measures and rules have been placed by different governments to be followed by the clinics and the parties involved. In India, there are agencies or clinics that entirely deal in surrogacy and every step is conducted as a legal business
Factors followed in surrogacy
The woman must be free from any kind of illness, for example, HIV, STDs, any medical condition and that is why screening and different tests must be conducted
In the case of sperm donation, sperms from the best men are used and in this way, the intellectual capacity of the baby at least known before he or she is born. Sperm donation in the USA is quite expensive from the charges in other countries due to the fact that many circumstances are followed which also includes gender regulation
The couple to which the baby belongs to has to pay for all the expenses involved. This means from the beginning to the end of the pregnancy.