It is a common question that confuses many of those seeking infertility treatments. The fact is, there is no difference between a test tube baby and IVF procedures. In other words, the two mean the same thing.
What is a test tube baby?
The same thing happens in IVF Centres. A test tube baby gets its roots from the fact that sperms and the eggs are combined and kept to form an embryo (fertilized) in a test tube. In simple terms, it is the process where a baby is conceived artificially.
IVF and test tube baby have the same process since they are utilizing the same procedures for conception.
The test tube baby procedure is mainly for couples with
- Unexplained infertility
- Blocked Fallopian Tubes
- Failed infertility treatment cycles
- Any other infertility case
The test tube baby process is simply divided into five steps;
- Infertility drugs and stimulation
Due to the fact that you are unable to conceive naturally, fertility drugs are given to stimulate your hormones and ovaries to produce more quality eggs for the procedure. Gonadotrophins, Clomifene Citrate, and Metformin are the common drugs given to a woman during egg stimulation.
Transvaginal ultrasounds and blood tests are frequently carried out to observe the egg follicles in the ovaries and to monitor the hormones.
- Egg retrieval
When the ultrasound procedures show that the eggs are ready, they are removed through a minor surgery (laparoscopic surgery) and taken for incubation.
Likewise, the man will have to deliver fresh sperms on the day of fertilization by masturbation or donor sperms are used
- Fertilization and embryo selection
The sperms are washed and then joined with the eggs in a process known as insemination. They are cultured in the laboratory for 5 days until cell division occurs.
- Endometrial Receptivity Analysis (ERA)
The latest procedure (genetic test) allows the doctor to determine whether the endometrial lining will facilitate implantation. The procedure developed by Igenomix, is a major breakthrough that will increase the success rate of test tube baby. When the woman’s uterus is receptive then the embryo transfer is made and if not, it is postponed
- Embryo transfer
Under the guidance of an ultrasound, a catheter is inserted into the woman’s vagina and the embryo is transferred to the uterus. She will need two hours of rest, after which she is free to get back to her work
The cost ranges from Rs. 1, 20, 000 to Rs. 2, 30,000 normally. The cost will vary from one clinic to another, the fertility drugs used, the number of cycles and the fertility cause. A good consultation procedure is advised to have a clue of what a couple is going in for.